Tuesday, June 18, 2013

Giant Bipedal Lizards in North America

Since the American civil war, large bipedal reptiles which closely resemble theropod dinosaurs have been sighted in the United States. Most of these sightings have happened in the western states, such as Wyoming, Colorado, and northern New Mexico.
Witnesses describe an animal that is always on its hind legs, is around 10 feet long from head to tail, and stands about 5 feet tall. It has a long, pointed snout filled with sharp teeth, and sharp claws on its hands and feet. It has large eyes. Sometimes, witnesses also report that these creatures have spines on their backs, like iguanas. Usually, they run away from humans. However, a few encounters do appear to show agression towards humans.

Although they have been sighted all over the southwest, there is one town in southern Colorado which has gained significant publicity in recent years due to sightings of these creatures. That town is Pagosa Springs, Colorado. The animals have been seen here since at least the 1930s. From 1995 to 2002, another rash of sightings occurred in Pagosa Springs. Several people described seeing creatures exactly like the ones that were previously seen in that area many decades earlier.
On 2 August 2002, an article in a Colorado newspaper discussed these sightings, and a local reptile expert was quoted as saying that the descriptions of the creatures did not appear to match those of any known reptile.

Convergent evolution

Researchers who have been studying the sightings have come up with several theories about what the strange animals are. Obviously, the animal that first comes to your mind when you hear the description is a small theropod dinosaur, such as a Velociraptor or a Troodon. Therefore, it is no wonder that many researchers believe that these animals are surviving theropod dinosaurs.
However, I have a hard time accepting this theory. You see, there is a trend in cryptozoology which me and many others as well have noticed. Darren Naish calls it the 'Prehistoric Survivor Paradigm' (PSP). The prehistoric survivor paradigm is the belief among some cryptozoologists that, if a cryptid looks just like a certain prehistoric animal, then it must be a surviving descendant of that prehistoric animal. Personally, I disagree with this assumption.
There exists a phenomenon which is familiar to most biologists known as convergent evolution.
Convergent evolution is when two or more unrelated organisms look or act very similar to each other, even though they are completely unrelated to each other. This often happens if both of the organisms live in similar habitats, or occupy a similar ecological niche. Convergent evolution is the reason why bats, birds, and bees all have wings. It is the reason why a rhinoceros somewhat resembles a Triceratops. It is also the reason why birds and mammals are both warm-blooded. There are lots and lots of other examples of convergent evolution out there, as well.

One of the most striking examples of convergent evolution is the resemblance of the recently-extinct Thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus) to the common Grey Wolf (Canis lupus). However, despite the obvious physical resemblence of these two predatory mammals, they are completely unrelated to each other. The wolf is a placental mammal, like cats, elephants, and humans, while the thylacine is a marsupial, like kangaroos and opossums.

Therefore, what I think is that a species of lizard has evolved to look like a small theropod dinosaur, due to convergent evolution. It has evolved erect limbs and bipedalism (more on this later). The type of lizard cannot be conclusively determined from the reports; however, I think it is probably an iguanian lizard.

In conclusion, I think that most of the sighting reports of "Velociraptors" in the U.S.A. are really just large bipedal lizards. I will be writing much more about these large bipedal North American lizards soon in other posts, including detailed analysis of some of the more notable sightings. I will also examine lizard anatomy and physiology much more closely, in order to clear up any confusion.

See you later!

Sunday, June 16, 2013

Hidden Animals

Zoology is defined as the scientific study of animals. Every single day, new species of animals are discovered. It may be surprising to learn that many of the larger animals which we know of today were discovered relatively recently. For example, gorillas were not known to Western scientists until 1847. The Okapi wasn't discovered until 1901, and the Komodo dragon was not known until 1912. Many of these weird and wonderful creatures had their existence ridiculed by science before they were finally proven to be real.

Sightings of strange and mysterious creatures have been made by numerous people throughout history, and they still continue to this day. In this blog, I will investigate these so-called "hidden animals", and try to come up with theories about their possible identities, while trying to remain as scientific as possible. It is my hope to uncover some truth about these creatures, while sharing my investigations and expeditions with the rest of the world.